Copper is usually found in nature in association with sulfur. Pure copper metal is generally produced from a multistage process, beginning with the mining and concentrating of low-grade ores containing copper sulfide minerals, and followed by smelting and electrolytic refining to produce a pure copper cathode. An increasing share of copper is produced from acid leaching of oxidized ores. Copper is one of the oldest metals ever used and has been one of the important materials in the development of civilization. Because of its properties, singularly or in combination, of high ductility, malleability, and thermal and electrical conductivity, and its resistance to corrosion, copper has become a major industrial metal, ranking third after iron and aluminum in terms of quantities consumed. Electrical uses of copper, including power transmission and generation, building wiring, telecommunication, and electrical and electronic products, account for about three quarters of total copper use. Building construction is the single largest market, followed by electronics and electronic products, transportation, industrial machinery, and consumer and general products. Copper byproducts from manufacturing and obsolete copper products are readily recycled and contribute significantly to copper supply. Source: http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/copper/


Kees Klein Goldewijk & Jonathan Fink-Jensen, Utrecht University

Production date



Copper mine production, in thousand metric tons


Copper, Mine production, Cu

Time period


Geographical coverage


Methodologies used for data collection and processing

Data inventory

Period of collection

Data collectors

British Geological Survey (BGS) Metallgesellschaft U.S. Bureau of Mines, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)


General references

British Geological Survey, World Mineral Statistics, website: https://www.bgs.ac.uk/mineralsuk/statistics/worldArchive.html (Last visited on: 13-11-2014).

Metallgesellschaft, Metallstatistik 1970-1980 (Frankfurt am Main, 1981).

Metallgesellschaft, Metallstatistik 1982-1992 (Frankfurt am Main, 1992).

Mitchell, B.R., International Historical Statistics - Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2005 (London, 2007).

Mitchell, B.R., International Historical Statistics - Europe (London, 2007).

Mitchell, B.R., International Historical Statistics - The Americas 1750-2005 (London, 2007).

Schmitz, Christopher J., World Non-Ferrous Metal Production and Prices, 1700-1976 (London, 1979).

U.S. Geological Survey, Historical Statistics for Mineral and Material Commodities in the United States, website: http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/historical-statistics/ (Last visited on: 13-11-2014).


Anguilla[No Data]

Antigua and Barbuda1500 (5)-2013 (21)

Aruba[No Data]

Bahamas1500 (5)-2013 (23)

Barbados1500 (5)-2016 (28)

Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba[No Data]

British Virgin Islands[No Data]

Cayman Islands[No Data]

Cuba1500 (8)-2016 (35)

Curaçao[No Data]

Dominica1500 (5)-2016 (21)

Dominican Republic1500 (6)-2018 (38)

Grenada1500 (5)-2013 (21)

Guadeloupe[No Data]

Haiti1500 (6)-2018 (36)

Jamaica1500 (6)-2018 (35)

Martinique[No Data]

Montserrat[No Data]

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