Barro and Lee (2010) provide data on educational attainment disaggregated by age groups over 15 and by sex. The information on average years of education has been used to evaluate the progress that has been made in the second half of the 20th century in closing the gender gap regarding education. Their data and detailed information regarding their dataset can be accessed at: http://www.barrolee.com/


Sarah Carmichael, Selin Dilli and Auke Rijpma, Utrecht University

Production date

25 August 2014


Educational Attainment


Gender equality, education

Time period

1950–2009, 5 year intervals

Geographical coverage

Worldwide, selected countries. Original dataset includes data for 146 countries

Methodologies used for data collection and processing

See http://www.barrolee

Period of collection

See references

Data collectors

Robert Barro and Jong-Wha Lee

Data on school attainment comes from census/survey figures, which report the distribution of education in the population over age 15 by sex. Detailed information on the data quality can be found at: http://www.barrolee

General references

Barro, Robert and Jong-Wha Lee, April 2010, "A New Data Set of

Educational Attainment in the World, 1950-2010." Journal of Development

Economics, vol 104, pp.184-198


Anguilla[No Data]

Antigua and Barbuda1500 (5)-2013 (21)

Aruba[No Data]

Bahamas1500 (5)-2013 (23)

Barbados1500 (5)-2016 (28)

Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba[No Data]

British Virgin Islands[No Data]

Cayman Islands[No Data]

Cuba1500 (8)-2016 (35)

Curaçao[No Data]

Dominica1500 (5)-2016 (21)

Dominican Republic1500 (6)-2018 (38)

Grenada1500 (5)-2013 (21)

Guadeloupe[No Data]

Haiti1500 (6)-2018 (36)

Jamaica1500 (6)-2018 (35)

Martinique[No Data]

Montserrat[No Data]

In 2010, the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) awarded a subsidy to the Clio Infra project, of which Jan Luiten van Zanden was the main applicant and which is hosted by the International Institute of Social History (IISH). Clio Infra has set up a number of interconnected databases containing worldwide data on social, economic, and institutional indicators for the past five centuries, with special attention to the past 200 years. These indicators allow research into long-term development of worldwide economic growth and inequality.

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